Can You Sell Food and Beverage out of a Truck in Ohio?Yes, you can sell food and beverages out of a truck in Ohio. However, you must obtain a Mobile Food Unit Permit from the local health department, which will require the truck to pass inspection and meet specific sanitation requirements. You must also obtain a Dumpster Permit from the local health department if you plan to dispose of waste from your truck, and you may need additional permits or licenses depending on the types of foods and beverages you’re selling.
What is the Food Truck Law in Ohio?The Food Truck Law in Ohio is officially known as Ohio Senate Bill 150 (SB 150). This law went into effect in October of 2019 and provides a statewide regulatory framework that allows food trucks to operate in towns and cities across Ohio. It removes the requirement for food truck owners to obtain a temporary vendor’s license from each local health department in order to operate in multiple counties. Furthermore, SB 150 clarifies the zoning and safety requirements for food trucks in Ohio, as well as establishes a unified permitting process for local units of government.
What is Required on a Food Label for Food Truck Food in Ohio?The food label for food truck food in Ohio must include the following:
1. Common name of the food.
2. The name and address of either the food truck operator or the location of the commissary where the food is prepared.
3. A list of ingredients, with the first ingredient listed first, and in descending order of predominance by weight.
4. Any major allergen ingredients must be identified (eggs, fish, milk, peanuts, shellfish, soybeans, tree nuts or wheat).
5. The net weight or net volume of each prepackaged product.
6. A statement that states “This product was processed in a facility that also processes [allergen]” if applicable.
7. A Nutrition Facts panel with calories, total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sodium, total carbohydrate, dietary fiber, sugars and protein per serving.
8. A statement indicating when refrigeration is needed for a product that requires refrigeration to maintain safety and quality.
9. The date of preparation, date of sale or a “best-by” date on ready-to-eat foods with a shelf life of 90 days or less.
10. Safe handling instructions for any food item that needs to be cooked to a specific temperature before consumption.
Are Foods Sold out of a Food Truck Taxable in Ohio?Yes, food items sold out of a food truck in Ohio are taxable. The Ohio Department of Taxation is responsible for collecting and administering Ohio’s sales and use tax. Food trucks must register for a sales tax license and collect and remit applicable sales taxes to the Ohio Department of Taxation.
What Permits do You Need for a Food Truck in Ohio?In order to legally operate a food truck in Ohio, you will need to obtain a number of permits and licenses. These include a food service license from the Ohio Department of Health, a Sales Tax Permit from the Ohio Department of Taxation, a Mobile Food Unit Permit from your local health department, and a business license from your local municipality. Additionally, depending on your specific county or city, you may need to obtain additional permits or licenses such as a Special Event Permit or a Temporary Food Service Establishment Permit.
Do You Need a Vehicle Inspection for Food Trucks in Ohio?Yes, vehicle inspections are required for food trucks in Ohio. Ohio Department of Agriculture requires that all food trucks have a valid certificate of inspection from the Ohio Department of Agriculture. The inspection focuses on the safety and sanitation of the food truck.
Do You Need to Establish a Business Entity to Sell Food out of a Food Truck in Ohio?Yes, you need to establish a business entity in order to sell food out of a food truck in Ohio. Depending on the type of business you are operating, you may need to obtain a business license, register with the Ohio Secretary of State, and obtain permits or licenses from local jurisdictions.
Can Food Trucks Serve Alcohol in Ohio?No, food trucks are not allowed to serve alcohol in Ohio. The Ohio Revised Code explicitly states that “no person shall sell, offer for sale, serve, dispense, or give away any alcoholic beverages in or from any vehicle.” There are a few exceptions, however, such as beer tastings and sales of beer or wine at farmers’ markets.
Do I Need a Fire Suppression System in My Food Truck in ?Ohio?Yes, you will need to install a fire suppression system in your food truck in Ohio. Fire suppression systems are required for all mobile food trucks by the Ohio Fire Code. This system must be inspected and certified annually by a qualified inspector.
Does a Food Truck Need a Food Handlers License in Ohio?Yes, all food service establishments in Ohio, including food trucks, must get a valid food service operation license issued by the local health department. To obtain a license, operators must complete an approved food safety program and pass an inspection by the local health department.
How Much does it Cost to Obtain a Food Safety License or Certification in Ohio?The cost of obtaining a food safety license or certification in Ohio depends on the type of license or certification you are seeking. Generally, the cost will range from $50 to $450 for the exam and certification process. The Ohio Department of Health offers a variety of food safety training courses, ranging from basic food safety classes to full-service certifications.
How Much does it Cost to Start a Food Truck in Ohio?The cost of starting a food truck in Ohio varies and depends on several factors, including the type of truck, the size and features of the truck, the cost of equipment, permits and fees, insurance, and any necessary renovations or repairs. Generally speaking, a new food truck in Ohio can cost anywhere from $50,000 – $100,000.
Who Regulates Food Safety in Ohio?Food safety in Ohio is regulated by the Ohio Department of Agriculture, through its Division of Food Safety.
How Long Does a Food Handlers License Last in Ohio?In Ohio, a food handlers license is valid for three years.
What are the Penalties for Selling Food without a Permit in Ohio?In Ohio, it is illegal to sell food without a permit. Depending on the specifics of the situation, penalties for selling food without a permit may range from a warning to a fine and/or imprisonment. In most cases, fines can range from $25 to $1,000. If the violation is more serious, the offender can face up to six months in jail. Additionally, the Ohio Department of Health may revoke any food licenses and permits already granted.