What Are The Cultivation Regulations For Marijuana in California?The cultivation of marijuana for personal, medical, or recreational use is regulated by the state of California. Under state law, adults 21 and over may cultivate up to 6 living marijuana plants per residence for personal use. When cultivating marijuana, individuals must adhere to the following regulations:
1. The plants must be cultivated in a locked and secure area that is not accessible to minors.
2. Local ordinances may impose additional restrictions on where and how marijuana can be cultivated.
3. Marijuana can only be cultivated indoors or in a secure outdoor garden.
4. Cultivation sites must not produce odors that are disruptive to the neighborhood.
5. Cultivators must dispose of any waste products in accordance with local and state regulations.
6. Cultivators must keep all harvested marijuana locked away from unauthorized access or use.
7. It is illegal to sell or provide marijuana to minors or to sell any amount of marijuana without a license from the California Bureau of Cannabis Control (BCC).
How Many Plants Can I Legally Grow For Personal Use in California?The number of plants you can grow for personal use in California depends on your local regulations. Generally, six plants grown indoors or outdoors is considered acceptable. However, you should check with your local law enforcement before growing any plants.
Is There A Difference In Cultivation Rules Between Medical And Recreational Marijuana in California?Yes, there are differences in the cultivation rules between medical and recreational marijuana in California. Medical marijuana cultivation is allowed with an M-license, while recreational marijuana cultivation is allowed with a C-license. Medical marijuana patients are allowed to grow larger quantities of marijuana than recreational users. The medical cultivator is allowed to have up to a maximum of 100 square feet for indoor cultivation and up to a maximum of 500 square feet for outdoor cultivation, while recreational cultivators can only grow up to a maximum of 25 square feet for indoor cultivation and up to a maximum of 50 square feet for outdoor cultivation.
Are There Specific Zoning Requirements For Marijuana Cultivation Sites in California?Yes, there are specific zoning requirements for marijuana cultivation sites in California. Depending on the jurisdiction, local governments can decide where marijuana cultivation operations can be located. Generally, however, marijuana cultivation sites must abide by zoning requirements that limit their proximity to residential areas and other sensitive areas such as schools or parks. Additionally, many jurisdictions impose specific guidelines for the size of the cultivation site, boundaries or setbacks from other properties, and the number of plants that can be grown on the premises. Local cities and counties may also require that marijuana cultivation operations obtain licenses or permits in order to operate.
What Permits And Licenses Are Required For Commercial Marijuana Cultivation in California?The following permits and licenses are required for commercial marijuana cultivation in California:
1. State Marijuana Cultivation License from the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA).
2. Local Permit from the County or City where the cultivation will take place.
3. A California Water Quality Control Board (CWAQCB) Permit to ensure the water supply used in the operation meets state standards.
4. A California Department of Fish and Wildlife (DFW) Permit if the cultivator’s water supply will draw from surface water sources or if their planned operation may impact local wildlife.
5. A Resale License from the California State Board of Equalization in order to buy and sell products from and to other businesses.
6. An Occupational License from the State of California for any employees involved in the operation.
Are There Limitations On The Size And Scale Of Marijuana Cultivation Operations in California?Yes, there are limitations on the size and scale of marijuana cultivation operations in California. Each city and county in California can establish their own regulations for marijuana cultivation operations, and some cities and counties have enacted ordinances that limit the size of operations. For example, the City of Berkeley requires marijuana cultivation operations to be no larger than 2,000 square feet. The State of California also imposes limits on the number of plants allowed at a cultivation site. For recreational cannabis, up to six mature plants or 12 immature plants are allowed per residence. For medicinal cannabis, up to 100 square feet of total canopy size is allowed per patient, with up to 50 square feet of that being used for plant cultivation.
What Environmental Regulations Apply To Marijuana Cultivation, Such As Water Usage And Pesticide Use, in California?Water usage:
1. California Water Board Regulation 812-California Code of Regulations, Title 22 (22 CCR 812): This regulation requires water right holders to use reasonable diligence in the application, storage, distribution, and use of water. It also requires that water right holders monitor and report on water usage, deliver only the amount of water needed for beneficial use, and conserve water when possible.
2. California Water Resources Control Board Order WR 87-19 (87-19 Order): This order imposes restrictions on water diversion and use in areas designated as high priority for environmental protection and requires appropriate development and management of water resources to protect and enhance the environment.
3. California Department of Food and Agriculture’s Cultivation Laws: These laws impose additional requirements related to water usage, such as water conservation measures, stormwater management, and water management plans.
1. California Department of Pesticide Regulation (CDPR) Title 3 Regulations: These regulations set standards for the safe use and handling of pesticides used in California. The regulations require pesticide applicators to have a current certification before applying any pesticide and to follow all applicable label instructions regarding pesticide use.
2. California Environmental Protection Agency (CalEPA): CalEPA sets limits on how much pesticide can be applied to a crop before certain safety thresholds are exceeded. This helps protect human health and the environment from harmful pesticide residues on crops.
3. The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) is the federal law which governs the use of pesticides nationwide, including in California. This law requires that all pesticides intended for sale or distribution be registered with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). FIFRA also requires that labels on pesticide products contain specific information about proper use and disposal of the product.
How Are Security And Surveillance Requirements Enforced For Marijuana Cultivation Facilities in California?In order to maintain the safety and security of marijuana cultivation facilities in California, the California Bureau of Cannabis Control (BCC) enforces a number of requirements. These requirements include the use of qualified security personnel, security cameras, and other security measures that must be in place at all times. Additionally, the BCC requires that the facility must also use locked storage for all cannabis materials and products. All entrances to the facility must also be secured with locks and entry systems that are monitored and controlled by the security personnel. Finally, the BCC requires all licensees to have a detailed operating plan that outlines all measures taken to ensure the safety and security of the facility.
Are There Restrictions On The Use Of Artificial Lighting And Energy Consumption In Indoor Cultivation in California?Yes, there are restrictions placed on the use of artificial lighting and energy consumption in indoor cultivation in California. As per California’s Health and Safety Code, all recreational and medical cannabis cultivation operations are required to use lights that are adequately shielded so as to not cause glare and radiation detectable to the human eye beyond the boundaries of the premises. Additionally, energy consumption is limited in indoor cultivation operations. The California Building Energy Efficiency Standards (Title 24) requires that lighting systems for cultivation operations maintain a minimum efficacy of 2.4 lumens per watt or higher.
What Are The Rules Regarding Outdoor Marijuana Cultivation, Including Fencing And Odor Control, in California?1. Fencing: The fence should be at least 6 feet tall and constructed in a way that prevents public access. Fencing material should not contain openings or gaps of more than six inches in width.
2. Odor Control: Cultivators should reduce the odor of marijuana by using odor-reducing systems or other available methods.
3. Security: Marijuana cultivation sites must be kept secure to prevent unauthorized access, theft, vandalism, and other criminal activity.
4. Sanitation/Pest Control: Cultivators must keep the growsite clean to reduce the risk of pests and to maintain the safety of the growing environment.
5. Location: Outdoor growsites must be located at least 600 feet away from any school or daycare center, and must be properly registered with the city or county before beginning operation.